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Rose Mythology : In Greek and Roman mythology, they were symbolic of love, protection, and rebirth. At funerals, the Romans would scatter roses to symbolize resurrection. "The rose is the flower of love" It was created by Chloris, the Greek goddess of flowers, out of the lifeless body of a nymph which she found one day in a clearing in the woods. She asked the help of Aphrodite, the goddess of love, who gave her beauty; Dionysus, the god of wine, added nectar to give her a sweet scent, and the three Graces gave her charm, brightness and joy. Then Zephyr, the West Wind, blew away the clouds so that Apollo, the sun god, could shine and make the flower bloom. And so the rose was born and was immediately crowned Queen of the Flowers" (Pickles, 88). The first red roses were supposed to have sprung from the blood of Adonis, Aphrodite's lover. Due to this, the rose became a symbol for love transcending death, and resurrection. Sub rosa, under the rose, meant under the seal of secrecy. Another myth, tells that on the wedding day of Cupid (love) and Psyche (soul), roses were scattered over the land. Here, the rose serves as a symbol for the union.
A white rose could be a symbol for the virgin goddess, and the red rose for maternal sexuality. The rose came to be the symbol for the Virgin Mary. The briar is the male rose, and the rose itself can be a symbol for love, womanhood, or beauty. A rose in full bloom means I Love You . The rosebud means youthful beauty, young girl, purity, or innocent love. The white rose means purity and innocence, secrecy, wisdom, and freedom. However, it can also be a symbol for death. Red, and white together, form the duality in alchemy. Together they can be a symbol for creation. The yellow rose seems to be nostalgia or remembrance. The black rose foreshadows death. In Jungian terms, the color black stands for the lack of consciousness, along with the descent into darkness and mourning. In Chinese cosmology black stands for the element water.
In Sailor Moon, Tsukikage no Knight throws a white rose for an attack, and Tuxedo Kamen a red rose (quite appropriate as Usagi's protector and future husband). Tuxedo Kamen's rose in the series could be a resurrection symbol, in that he and Usagi are reincarnated lovers from the Silver Milennium. The black rose is also used during the end of the first season while Mamoru was controlled by Queen Beryl, and during the fourth to symbolize the dying planet.